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Shenpen.Rinpoche

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  1. The ultimate Bodhicitta is the bodhisattva wisdom cognizing emptiness. The cultivation of conventional Bodhicitta is requisite for the attainment of ultimate Bodhicitta. Thus, an Hinayana practitioner can't realize ultimate Bodhicitta, not cultivating conventional one...
  2. The Perfection of Giving 1. Giving of Dharma 2. Giving of Material Aid 3. Giving of Refuge 4. Giving of Love The Perfection of Ethics 1. The Ethics of Restraint from Negative Actions of Body 1.1. Killing 1.2. Stealing 1.3. Sexual Misconduct 2. The Ethics of Restraint from Negative Actions of Speech 2.1. Lying 2.2. Harsh Speech 2.3. Slander 2.4. Idle Gossip 3. The Ethics of Restraint from Negative Actions of Mind 3.1. Covetousness 3.2. Harboring malevolent thoughts towards others 3.3. Holding erroneous views 4. The Ethics of cultivating wholesome qualities 5. The Ethics of working for the benefit of others The Perfection of Patience 1. The Patience of not reacting to the harm from others 2. The Patience that voluntarily accepts suffering 3. The Patience of certitude in the Dharma The Perfection of Joyous Effort 1. General characteristics 2. The Three Types of Laziness 2.1. The self-indulgent laziness (laziness of discouragement) 2.2. The laziness of lethargy 2.3. The laziness of clinging to unwholesome activities. The Perfection of Concentration 1.The nature and function of Concentration The Perfection of Wisdom 1. The nature and function of the Wisdom that understands emptiness 2. The Four Point Analysis 2.1. Ascertaining of the object of negation 2.1.1. Appearance of it 2.1.2. The way things actually exist 2.1.3. The two modes 2.1.4. Searching for the self 2.2. Ascertaining the entailment 2.3. Ascertaining the absence of being identical with the aggregates 2.4. Ascertaining the absence of being separate from the aggregates 3. Avoiding Extremes 4. Interdependent Origination
  3. I'm not an expert in tibetan astrology, but this calendar seems okay to me.
  4. Yes, usually. Yes, if the whole work was really well undertaken, without bitterness for what we abandoned. To search truth and freedom you do not need to leave your wife and children. You can progress spiritually having a ‘usual’ society life. But somehow, you need more effort than if you are alone and go to live in a monastery or a cave. And if I follow what you wrote, it’s even more ‘meritful’ because harder. Because in this case, what is harder in fact? To coop with family, or to leave it behind We have to take in consideration that escaping the hardship a family life can bring might be more laziness than renunciation! As side note, I would also say that when you are engaged into a spiritual path, you have to choose extra-carefully with whom to make a family, in the sense that the partnership can be fruitful if you are for example practicing the same path, have common interests and motivation. Indeed, when the relationship is based only on desire, at one point it fades away, we are not happy anymore, and it’s not supporting a good practice. It also depends very much about how someone can ‘take’ things. Very spiritually, yes, it can be source of practice, and of spiritual benefit. Yet, I think we have usually enough things to deal with - which you can’t choose to coop with or avoid - to voluntarily suffer in order to accumulate merits or develop your patience. There is a ‘breaking point’ where it becomes masochism I don’t think that way. The attachment is not something external from you, or something which has a goal in itself. So, it’s not the attachment which helps you, it’s your own decisions, your own inner work. Also here, you might place a goal where there is none. I mean, what human kind is experiencing is what it has created, and the harder doesn’t mean it will understand non-duality sooner or better. “IF” we are willing to learn, and have the right understanding to deal with and change inside. But I still don’t think we need to harden our life on such basis, we have enough to practice with already And father no? It again depends how the person will take the situation. Such experience can be devastating and pulling into deep depression or even suicide! Integrated and understood into one’s belief, it surely can be a strong practice on attachment and understanding of karma. I’m sorry for those who do not understand or believe in the law of causality, because they often do not really understand why such thing is happening to them.Once, an orthodox priest told a mother who lost her child that it was her fault, because she didn’t go anymore to the church!! Awful. Bringing painful guilt on top of non-understood loss of only child! And such thing is only possible in tradition which doesn’t understand and explain the causality of phenomena as based on the law of cause and effect.
  5. Alexander, I understand what you say but it also all depends with whom you are going out, and where. Accordingly, people will have some type of expectations or other ones. I don’t drink beer (I actually don’t like the taste of it , and don’t do any drug, and no one with whom I would go out, and in the places I might go, ever reproached it to me The point is: you can also choose your friends and where to spend your time…
  6. What creates karma? = mistaken mind ie. on basis of misunderstanding the reality of phenomena, the mind "moves" towards illusions which it takes for real, and this movement creates the karma. A Buddha's mind is unmistaken, so, no karma.
  7. Yes, karma, under a form or another, is in the central part of Buddhism. The law of cause and effects is what shapes our lives in the positive or negatives direction, to my understanding, in all school of Buddhism. Some Zen masters are saying that reincarnation is unimportant, and do not focus on this matter at all; it doesn't mean they don't believe in it. http://www.zenguide.com/principles/karma_and_reincarnation.cfm
  8. The difference is mainly in the motivation. Bodhicitta is often translated as "compassion", but it's much more than that. It's about reaching Enlightenment for the sake of the others. Therefore, the methods also differ. Theravada practitioners will focus on reaching Nirvana, Emptiness, and once reached, will remain in it for eons! Mahayana practitioners will focus on helping others, wishing to reach omniscience for the sake of the others, reaching Emptiness as a means, not a goal. So, Mahayana teaches that there is an equal importance in practicing the skilful means and the Wisdom, included in the 6 Perfections (ie. Generosity, Patience, Ethics, Enthusiastic perseverance, Concentration, and Wisdom). As regard to Vinaya/Code of ethics, the vows and commitments are nearly the same. Without Ethics, no progress, no accumulation of merits. The Vajrayana Path is based on Mahayana. It adds some specific practices to transform every moment in practice, transforming the perceptions, the energies directly into the pristine nature of the Buddha practiced.
  9. The sense of humiliation is connected with our sense of ego and education. Tibetans have a different relation to the body than we do. In such case as the earthquake, there was no structure to 'store' the bodies, and no way to deal with them in any other way then how it was done. And since we are here with poor people, who furthermore have lost nearly everything in this earthquake, they even removed the clothes so that the living survivors can at least be warm (it's still snowing at this period of year, there). On usual people, the consciousness is living the body within 20/30mn, and quite rare are those who would meditate before to enter the bardo. So, it's not really a problem to dispose of the corpse soon as death... again, especially in such case, where corpse would rotten, causing smell and sickness for the living. While burning the bodies, all people around where reciting mantras and prayers, ceremonies were performed in monasteries. This is whole what can really be done.
  10. If someone serves you a dish with some meat inside, and another one knows you are Buddhist reacts like: "oh but I though Buddhist do not eat meat!". You can then explained that on your own you wouldn't buy or prepare meat, but here someone offered to you, and you prefer to respect the context rather than being too rigid or extremist. It can show that Buddhism is far from extremism, open minded, not rigid. People usually appreciate. I wouldn't take a chicken salad in presence of people whom I know might not understand my motivation, and could misinterpret my action, leading to disbelief in the seriousness of Dharma. Some could take this as hypocrisy, I see this as common sense, trying to adapt to the people I am with, for their own benefit. We indeed can't devide in good/bad simply on basis of food habit. You have some vegetarians so "tight" on their believes, criticising everyone who eats meat, "bitter" in life, dry in mind. And some other people eating meat reseanably, without much craving on it, more by habits or because served that way, with very good heart and mind. So, no black/white division in a middle way mind It's important to be honest with oneself, understand the "why" of what we believe in, and be subtle-minded enough to adapt, according to motivation, places, and time, while respecting the Words of Wisdom of Buddhas and Bodisattvas of the past and present.
  11. There are surely many definitions about "politic". From a certain point of view, every opinion or action in a society is a kind of politic. Buddhism in itself has the politic of "kindness" (always trying to genuinly help others) and Wisdom (analysis best solutions over emotional reaction). But Buddhists can have a various range of political opinions, of course, according to their spiritual development or lack of it. I believe that the cleavage between right and left is irrelevant from a wisdom point of view. There are good ideas and positions from both 'sides'. Too "right wing" ideas (too rigid and fixed on the past history) or too "left wing" ideas (too laxist and permissive) are both in mistake. Unfortunately, people are are often "clanist", they like to have a club, a circle (not to say a circus). Emotional insecurity and instability which influence people to gather, behave as a group, an entity withing which individual responsibility is blurred. In brief, for a Buddhist to belong to a "political club", suppose to dictate you what and how to think, indentifying you with specific stereotypes, doesn't make sense. It's narrow-minded and restrictive, where Buddhism aims at opening, broadening, our mind. The goal of Buddhism is: 1. to get rid, free, of limitation, concepts, pre-judgments. 2. to help others. We need Wisdom to understand the true nature of the reality we are in, not to be caught by emotions, to have a clear view; and we need Compassion to always act according to what is helpful for them first. A Buddhist could be involved into the politic of a country. A good Buddhist might be an excellent politician. Unfortunately, s/he might be very alone with such perception and motivation. Not involved in political circus, trick, blackmailing, bribing, etc. might exclude that good politician quite quickly from this field. There are other ways to help the politic of a country, it's to teach ethical values to those who will enter the field of politic, or to try awakening those who are already involved. Result limited by the good-will of those persons; but surely worth trying
  12. I do not know a Text which you could read about this. Doesn't it make sense the difference between a chimpanze (who can learn from you, observe your attitude, pacify his mind seing you calm, etc...) and a worm? Between a dog you can train to save other's life, to be kind with other animals and people, and a snail? This practice can be done for all kind of animals, it's basis is: whenever an animal is facing direct threat of death, you save him, recite blessing prayers and mantras, and place him in a safe place. And the practice can be done for many animals at once. It's about karma, and how it works. You cannot take the karma of others; you cannot make choices instead of others. If that would be possible, we would already all be liberated, because Buddhas and Bodhisattvas would do instead of us all mistakes, leaving us doing only positive choices,leading us to Enlightenment quickly. Unfortunately, it can't work this way. Killing instead of someone else will bring us negative karma, and might not change the choice of killing of someone else. I would personally have no problem to say that I do not like the taste of oyster, or that my organism doesn't deal well with sea food. Ideal anyhow, is to inform your host of your diet. Actually, it's been ages (over 20 years) that being invited, the host doesn't ask before if I do not have special diet...
  13. Is it to me that you are asking this question? I considere myself as vegetarian, since 25 years. Yet, if i would be invited somewhere where people didn't know I was vegetarian, I would eat was is served (oysters excepted, I surely can't live alive beings!). This, to do not upset the person who invited me, which could even turn against the faith I uphold (Buddhism). Or someone orders a pizza, and there are little pieces of ham or anchovy; I won't take them out with a pincette! Instead, as you mentioned, I will recite mantras and prayers for the dead being(s) It can also happen that I decide to order a salad with chicken in it, if comes to my understanding that it should be so, there and then, either to pray for that animal, or to adjust the vibration level of my organism in accordance with the activity I'm in, or will enter in. Supporting the pesticide industry by being vegetarian? First, what do animal eat? Second, on top of pesticide used anyhow for feeding these animals, you are supporting the antibiotics and hormons industries! Add to this that antibiotics and hormons will be ingested by consumers, creating resistance of some germs to many antibiotics... Antibiotics and hormons might infiltrate also into the water system, and be absorbed by all, meat-eater or not, generating new diseases and systemic dysfunctions. Meat industry remains one of the main cause of pollution of water, and cause of global warming. In Slovenia, if not mistaken, beside the Bio label, you have also the label 'Green Agriculture', with less pesticids and nearly same price than other vegetables. There is a parameter that you missed in your logic, is the evolution level of the animal. A bit hard to understand may be, but there is a difference between a pig and a worm in term of level of evolution towards spiritual evolution. This makes me say that I would rather acknowledge that my meal is the consequence of twenty worms dead than a pig. Plus, eating only meat will lead you quicker to death, than only vegetables. And if your wish is to help as many beings as possible, you should take care of the longevity of this precious human rebirth, right? Then, if in a buffet some people see you are vegetarian and ask you why, you can explain about the respect of life, and that 'might' make them think, may be reduce or end their consumption of meat, and less people eating meat, less animal killed. I have no reluctance to eat meat (given it is cooked in an healthy way ie. not to fat, and except liver) or to refrain from it. But for the above reasons, I remain vegetarian, far from being rigid about it.
  14. It all depends the reason for which people are vegetarian ie. mostly "health" or "ethical". Health, indeed, we find lot of inconsitency such as still eating sea food, fish, thinking this is more healthy - which is not even true as shells anf fishes are concentrating lot of chemicals and heavy metal found in water... For ethical reasons, nothing that requieres to be killed should be eaten, flesh of any kind. Animal flesh falls in the two categories anyhow, as it's not good for health and not good for ethical reasons... And, to eat a steak you *surely* need to kill, while to eat a salad you could be careful not to kill insects or worms.
  15. A nice video about the life of the Buddha, from BBC, on YouTube. Budda's life
  16. May be the less brain tissue, the less we get distracted by unnecessary thoughts, thus we can be very good in math or such activities requiring focus and only logic. But when it comes to developing more spiritual cognitions, combining imagination and rational phenomena, the brain might have a great role to play. The article is rather narrow and empty.
  17. Question: "To care/love all beings the same is strange. Relation and intensity of parent/child or partner/partner- relatonship is diffrent as for example to neighbour or stranger or client. I cannot care the same about all my clients as I am feeling about my child or... " The type of relations and the intensity in these relationships are of course different even after having achieved Enlightenment, and this difference is based on the causes created through lives between beings. Circumstances and relations are causes based, but the mind having Realized Bodhicitta looks at all sentient beings in an equal way. Once one has gone beyond the concepts, there is no more child, friend or enemy, husband/wife, strangers, etc... There are beings, sentient beings, consciousnesses who need help to walk towards Liberation and Enlightenment. When we think in this way, yet having our strong ego, it seems all becomes 'flat', 'tasteless', and we think that this is not 'life'! Of course, our ego doesn't want to let go, and is able of any self-protection, placing your mind in depression, doubts, anger, all to take you away from the Path which would bring you to its annihilation. Get ready, the ego is very skillful in protecting itself! But continuing to follow it is keeping your head under the water, your existence into the cycle of conditioned rebirths, subject to changes, creation of karmas which can bring you from heaven to hell, to animal realm, etc... It's all a matter of choice. Causes, consequences.
  18. Continuation of the FB exchange... Question: "Why did a creator give us the emotions and instincts than or to lead us or to confused us? So songs and poems about love and desires are just a path to reach more of that insane "deep blue". There is no sense than. Than we can love every human being we just have to focus our mind to go on that way of conscious sentiment or something like that. Not with a "blind hart" but with a common sense. Than the instincts and "hormones", electricity between two persons which are attractive to each other are the primary barriers related to weak human body?" Answer: Which creator? If there would be a Creator, why would he has created us at all? To play games? Because he was bored? And what would be the finality, to come back to him? To merge in his consciousness? If there is a creator, why would he let some children to born in silk and some other to born in mud? Some to have "a silver spoon in their mouth" from birth, and some to die in unbearable suffering? This is sadistic and un-fair. Then, who would have created the Creator? We have past the time it was enough to say "you can't understand", "the ways of God are not understandable", "shut up and believe blindly", ... We believe in the law of cause-and-effects. Everything has a cause. This life comes from what causes we have accumulated in the past. And what we do now is preparing what we will experience next. Unbeatable logic. And what can't be explained is not by hypocrisy, but simply because our human mind can't yet apprehend some concept, such has "when did this all started?". But when did this all started is irrelevant to progress in this life, and reach Enlightenment. And when Enlightened, we will surely have the answer to that question. So, nobody gave us emotions; we developed them ourselves, on the basis of our misunderstandings, attachments, greed, cravings, from lives to lives, since times our human mind can't fully understand. And these disturbing emotions are indeed blinding us, pushing us to act or speak without thinking, to think without being even aware of the process of thoughts. Because of this, we accumulate so much negative causes that it results in suffering and unpleasant experiences, and lower rebirths, caught in the "wheel of conditioned rebirths" (Samsara). So, yes, disturbing emotions are a barrier to our evolution, expression of our weakness... And the whole society we are living in is based on ego, grasping, attachment, etc. All is made to increase these attachments, in order that you buy, consume, change your mind, buy again, throw, buy, think you need this, want that, etc. All is made that you remain blind. If you open your eyes, you become free, free from servility, free from consumerism. Religions and States want to have "good little soldiers", easy to manipulate through desire and fear. This whole "samaric matrix" needs your ego and feeds on your blindness. If you could produce a pill to Enlighten people, they would kill you right away! Only once we "awake", open our eyes to the true nature of the reality we are living in, we start to make conscious choices, and progress towards a state of mind which doesn't create any further negative causes, and develops Wisdom; walking out of the Wheel of conditioned rebirths. Personally, I do prefer the word "care" to the word "love". The later is too complex to define, and as I wrote already, a mix of attachment, desire, attraction, etc... Sure, the word "care" could also be subject to various definition. But I like to think about the type of attention a parent can have for his or her child i.e. a complete and unconditional dedication of time and energy for the well being of the child; the ability to forget oneself so much the dedication if complete. If you add to this dedication a correct understanding of the true Nature of phenomena, which then remove the attachments part, all sentient beings can be considered the same way. The usual mistake from those who do not understand the Path, is to think that once you are not attached anymore, you become indifferent, "emotionless". But it is not that you don't "love" anymore, but that you "love" everyone the same way. Actually, you develop Compassion and then the "Mind leading us towards Enlightenment for the sake of the others", and you include all sentient being sin your "field of care".
  19. I've received the following question on Facebook, and my answer is under: "If by your opinion all is just an illusion, if we are giving the phenomena the names and around them creating diversity of feelings depends of our karmic lines and stances, how can we catch "love" and installed it with the loyalty, trust, respect to one person? If all than is just a creation in our heads it could be different by the time as our mind is transforming every second. So could we possible promise to other the loyality for the rest of our lifes when all is changing all the time for us? Than is unfair to the other person to plan the future if we are so changable beings. Than the "love" - the phenomena wich we are using in a relationships is a lie. Than we cannot love all the time. We are only staying together under the auspices some past wishes and initial desires wich already had transformed." Love is a very strange phenomenon, which I am not sure to understand fully, a complex mix of various reactions and projections, chemical and emotional. People seems so blinded when it comes to emotions! They lose their mind, and create so much suffering for themselves and others. I understand well what Ultimate Compassion or 'Bodhicitta' (Awakening mind) is, taking all beings on same level of care, to dedicate one's life to help them find the key for their long-lasting happiness and Peace. We have understood the Path, the Truth of Buddha's Teachings, and we develop the main wish to help unconditionally all beings. But the love which usually unit couples is a mix between blindness, attraction, and desires. All very impermanent phenomena, liable to quick changes! Is this "love"? I can't really say, I would call this "attraction". And on such basis, to promise a life time commitment might not make much sense. I think people going together as couple should have, at first, a very similar understanding of life, how it works, what sustains it, etc. If we have different values and believes, we come quickly to a clash, to unfriendly situation. But it takes a bit of time before to find such compatibility/parity, that most people "jump" on first person they feel attracted to. If one thing is very changeable, it is attraction/repulsion. Because it is itself based on so versatile/changeable basis. Most of our life (99,99999...%) we do base our understanding and reactions on the outcome of our unstable mind, which understand nothing to very little of the mechanism of life, mechanism of causality. The consequences are that we maintain or increase our level of suffering, misunderstanding, conflict, and unhappiness. So, yes, out of this, to say to someone: "I'll love you all my life" is a complete blindness, to oneself and to others. One day, all the basis on which we loved that person might change, and then why to stay with that person in fact? Because we built a house together? Because we have a child? Because we are afraid to make drastic changes in one's life? Many people stay together on wrong basis, they are unhappy, depressed, and eventually sick. Is this a good example and good basis of life for the child/ren who are the apparent reason for staying as couple? We better find the strength and courage to change towards a better situation. There is no fatality, many things can change. It's not because we made a choice in the past, that we are doomed for eternity! But at the same time, to escape one cage to enter another one is surely not the solution. So, one has to think very carefully, meditation, pacify the mind, before to make any further decision and change, to avoid recreating the same mistakes than before. Most people can't stay alone. There is a constant quest of company, talk, laugh, drink, smoke, being mindless. They think that this way they escape suffering and unhappiness. And one day they die (tonight, tomorrow, in one, ten or thirty years) without to have solved or understood anything significant; so they'll come back, with the karmic luggage of past life, and fall in same traps again and again. As long as we do not understand that what we do perceive is of the same nature of our mind, produced by our mind (like in a dream), we think that "outside" is independent, existing from its own side. On such basis, we believe in duality, and of course we are looking for external sources of satisfaction, without ever finding any ultimate happiness, chasing rainbows, ... When you do understand and experience how what we call 'reality' comes to existence, empty of self-inherent existence, you are not fooled anymore by appearance, you never feel lonely anymore, never seek desperately for any object of desire. You are in Peace, a Peace and Happiness which are not subject to change. You do not try to 'catch' anything but experience what comes, and what you see as helpful for others. It doesn't mean you can't live in society or even a couple life, but what you do, is done with a clear understanding of causes and consequences, not led by impulses, desires, blindness. You understand the impermanence and roots of phenomena, therefore living the moment without constantly either reliving the past or projecting into the future. In Peace.
  20. Yes, very inspiring! It reminds me that I took Refuge with Lama Gendun Rinpoche in March 1985
  21. May be Mipham was more thinking about the monastic community? As for the spiritual development, highest technical developments are not really necessary... but can disturb the mind from it's goal. Otherwise, in the society, there is surely a good balance to find between the pursue of comfort and fine results from technology, and the human aspects of a life aiming at happiness and peace following ethical values, Compassion, respect of others and ecosystem.
  22. To my understanding, the practice of the Path of Tantra: 1. requires polarity man/woman, 2. is not a matter of usual sexual intercourse. As long as one has the ego to identify with the appearance of the physical body, one can't pretend to practice the Highest Tantra at the level of using a sexual intercourse. All what is done before between partners engaged into Buddhism is a "game", a simulation, eventually a preparation; but not the practice itself. And mixing a normal sexual intercourse with Tantra practice is a downfall among Tantric vows! Buddhism doesn't discriminate homosexuals, but doesn't see homosexuality as a proper behaviour, and homosexual sexuality is considered as sexual misconduct, especially since it uses for sexual pleasure ways which are not meant for that. This is the point I have been talking about many times: to differentiate the person and the behaviour. All persons should be in our field of Compassion, and worth our care. Yet, we can agree or disagree with some aspects or behaviours of a person. One doesn't exclude the other. I have no problem praying for the well being of anyone. I consider that they are blinded by some negative causes, emotions, fears, etc. Their behaviour is not "them". I wouldn't condemn someone who would hurt me by extreme fear, or thinking s/he will save this way his/her children. It could be that Jeffrey Hopkins - himself openly gay - tries to justify his orientation, and seeks a way to integrate it into the practice. If homosexuals find a way to deal with their desires in the best manner, following all other ethical principles explained in Dharma, becoming a good and happy person, then surely this book has a positive effect. But the way it is placed, with all possible misunderstandings, twists, on the market is, to my view, a transgression of many principles; and could bring more harm than benefit. Why Tantras were highly secret? Not to hide any perversion, but because people not well prepared enough would misinterpret, as it is very often done in the West. Some people turn to Tantra hoping to find new and exotic sexual techniques or spiritual justification for their obsession with sex. We shall not fall in the trap of developing attachment and disguise this into practice. Doing so is an enormous mistakes! Tantra deals with energies, not with gross concepts. In the depicted Buddhas in union, it's not about "having sex, but about recognizing the true nature of the mind. The union of father and mother signifies blissful awareness conjoined with the realization of Emptiness, the realization or understanding of Emptiness with a blissful awareness. To achieve this, both partners shall have same level of realization, and control of the inner energies to bring them into the central energy-channel. Such practice results into a state of mind conducive to reach the most subtle state of one's mental continuum, the clear light. The depicted position in union, which goes with deep visualization methods, is only to enhance the practice, and surely not to experience any sexual orgasm. During such practice, the central channels join in a way virtually impossible for homosexuals. Integrating the masculine and feminine principles, like method and wisdom, is required for giving birth to enlightenment, as union of father and mother is required to give birth to a child. Thus, homosexual not being able to give birth to a child because lacking one of the principle, won't give birth to Enlightenment, as long as they remain in their current reactive patterns. Any way to promote more attachment is not welcome, in any way, homosexuals or heterosexuals. Tantra is viewing desire differently (than Sutra), but attachment the same way. We shall not forget that to enter Tantra one should have well understood the "Three Pillars of the Path": Renunciation, Bodhicitta, Emptiness.
  23. International Journal of Biological Sciences : A Comparison of the Effects of Three GM Corn Varieties on Mammalian Health Read the whole article. Here is just the conclusions. ---------------------- 5. Conclusions Patho-physiological profiles are unique for each GM crop/food, underlining the necessity for a case-by-case evaluation of their safety, as is largely admitted and agreed by regulators. It is not possible to make comments concerning any general, similar subchronic toxic effect for all GM foods. However, in the three GM maize varieties that formed the basis of this investigation, new side effects linked to the consumption of these cereals were revealed, which were sex- and often dose-dependent. Effects were mostly concentrated in kidney and liver function, the two major diet detoxification organs, but in detail differed with each GM type. In addition, some effects on heart, adrenal, spleen and blood cells were also frequently noted. As there normally exists sex differences in liver and kidney metabolism, the highly statistically significant disturbances in the function of these organs, seen between male and female rats, cannot be dismissed as biologically insignificant as has been proposed by others [4]. We therefore conclude that our data strongly suggests that these GM maize varieties induce a state of hepatorenal toxicity. This can be due to the new pesticides (herbicide or insecticide) present specifically in each type of GM maize, although unintended metabolic effects due to the mutagenic properties of the GM transformation process cannot be excluded [42]. All three GM maize varieties contain a distinctly different pesticide residue associated with their particular GM event (glyphosate and AMPA in NK 603, modified Cry1Ab in MON 810, modified Cry3Bb1 in MON 863). These substances have never before been an integral part of the human or animal diet and therefore their health consequences for those who consume them, especially over long time periods are currently unknown. Furthermore, any side effect linked to the GM event will be unique in each case as the site of transgene insertion and the spectrum of genome wide mutations will differ between the three modified maize types. In conclusion, our data presented here strongly recommend that additional long-term (up to 2 years) animal feeding studies be performed in at least three species, preferably also multi-generational, to provide true scientifically valid data on the acute and chronic toxic effects of GM crops, feed and foods. Our analysis highlights that the kidneys and liver as particularly important on which to focus such research as there was a clear negative impact on the function of these organs in rats consuming GM maize varieties for just 90 days. ---------------------------- A meeting of Ministers of the EU is planned about MON810 and NK603 Monday. These three GMOS (MON810, MON863 and NK603) "are approved for animal consumption and human in the EU and the United States" particular, precise Pr Séralini. "In the EU, only the MON810 is cultivated in some countries (especially in Spain), the other are imported", he adds yet.
  24. We should prepare an informational text to be sent to the Ministries of Health and of Education to correct this type of archaic way of thinking! They are few decades behind! Vegetarianism has been proven to be beneficial (reduction of intestinal cancer for example), etc... Draftman, a draft should be made!
  25. PRIPOMBE BUDISTIČNE KONGREGACIJE DHARMALING K PREDLOGU ZAKONA O ŠOLSKI PREHRANI ---Vegetarijanski obroki--- Predlog zakona o šolski prehrani zasleduje različne cilje (3. člen predloga zakona). Med omenjenimi cilji so tudi “razvijanje zavesti o zdravi prehrani in kulturi prehranjevanja; vzgajanje in izobraževanje za odgovoren odnos do sebe, svojega zdravja in okolja ter omogočanje učencem in dijakom dostopnost do šolske prehrane.” Ustava RS med drugim določa, da imajo starši pravico, da v skladu s svojim prepričanjem zagotavljajo svojim otrokom versko in moralno vzgojo. Usmerjanje glede verske in moralne vzgoje mora biti v skladu z otrokovo starostjo in zrelostjo ter z njegovo svobodo vesti, verske in druge opredelitve ali prepričanja (tretji odstavek 41. člena Ustave). Posebej velja poudariti, da je ta pravica staršev s primerjalno pravnega vidika v slovenskem ustavnem sistemu dokaj široko zastavljena. Del verske in moralne vzgoje je tudi izbira ustrezne prehrane. Marsikatera religija (vključno z budizmom) spodbuja strpen odnos do živali (svetost življenja, prepoved ubijanja vseh bitij, ne le ljudi) ter posledično vegetarijansko prehranjevanje (torej izbiro prehrane, pri pripravi katere ni ubita nobena žival). Podoben odnos do živali gojijo tudi nekateri ateisti (za katere je to del moralne, ne pa verske vzgoje). Nobenega dvoma ni, da je možno zagotoviti zdravo vegetarijansko prehrano že za majhne otroke, kolikor je uravnotežena in raznovrstna. Manjkajoče elemente je moč zagotoviti s sirom in drugimi mlečnimi proizvodi ter jajci (večji problem predstavlja veganstvo, ki ga sicer ne zagovarjamo - v tem primeru pa je treba bolj paziti na več manjkajočih elementov, kot so vitamin B12, vitamin D, kalcij, jod in omega 3 maščobne kisline). Pri vegetarijanski prehrani je potrebno skrbeti tudi za pravilno sestavo konkretnih obrokov – soja npr. ni primerna za fante, saj dolgoročno lahko povzroči hormonsko neravnovesje ipd. Ni zanemarljivo tudi dejstvo, da v mesu najdemo ostanke zdravil za živali (antibiotiki ipd.), mesna prehrana dokazano povzroča raka na črevesju, posredno pa pripomore k segrevanju ozračja in podnebnim spremembam, saj je ravno množična živinoreja med največjimi krivci za izpuste CO2 v ozračje (vsekakor bo glede na povedano nekoliko nenavadno, kolikor t.im. ekošole svojim učencem ne bodo zagotavljale vegetarijanskih obrokov). Ker je torej možno sestaviti zdrave obroke vegetarijanske prehrane za otroke (o čemer nenazadnje pričajo generacije, ki so v Sloveniji in drugje po svetu že odrasle s takšno prehrano), mora država staršem zagotoviti možnost izbire ter jim dati priložnost, da otrokom v skladu s svojim prepričanjem zagotavljajo versko in moralno vzgojo tudi na tem področju. Trenutno stanje v Sloveniji je dokaj kaotično. Kot je poročal časopis Dnevnik, se šole znajdejo po svoje. Vegetarijanskih otrok je v urbanem okolju približno 10 %, a nekatere šole zagotavljajo le brezmesne malice, ne pa kosil (npr. OŠ Ledina), druge ne zagotavljajo “posebnih tofujevih ipd. vegetarijanskih jedi” (OŠ Nove Fužine), tretje se prilagajo po svojih najboljših močeh (OŠ Karel Destovnik Kajuh in OŠ Trnovo). Nekateri ravnatelji pa svojevoljno zavračajo kakršno koli možnost uvedbe vegetarijanske prehrane in pri tem izrecno podcenjujejo pravico staršev do vzgoje otrok v skladu z njihovim svetovnim nazorom. Potrebne so torej jasne zakonske določbe glede zagotavljanja vegetarijanske prehrane v šolah. Potrebno je poudariti tudi, da šolam ne bi smelo biti težko pripraviti vegetarijanskih obrokov. V obrazložitvi predloga zakona piše npr. da imajo osnovne šole “pretežno lastne in centralne kuhinje, v manjšem deležu pa tudi razdeljevalne.” Zlasti v urbanem okolju bi moralo biti sorazmerno enostavno zagotoviti vegetarijanske obroke. Nenazadnje je pod prejšnjo vlado prišlo do veliko bolj radikalne spremembe, ko je bilo potrebno vsakemu dijaku zagotoviti topel obrok. Predloga Zakona o šolski prehrani ne govori o zagotavljanju vegetarijanske prehrane, niti med cilji ne omenja omogočanja staršem, da otroke vzgajajo v skladu s svojimi prepričanji (torej tudi v spoštovanju do nedotakljivosti življenja vseh bitij). Prav tako vegetarijanski obroki niso upoštevani v ostalih določbah predloga zakona (tudi npr. pri globah predpisanih za šolo, ki ne bi organizirala vegetarijanskega obroka). Kolikor se to ne bo spremenilo (kolikor torej v predlog ne bo vključena jasna obveza, naj šole zagotavljajo vse vegetarijanske obroke – zajtrk, malice in kosilo) in bo posledično kršena pravica staršev iz 41. člena Ustave, bo Zakon o šolski prehrani brez dvoma predmet ustavne presoje s strani tistih staršev, ki bodo izkazali pravni interes. Takšni ustavni pobudi pa bodo priložene tudi te pripombe, kot dokaz, da je bil predlagatelj zakona pravočasno obveščen o možnosti dopolnitve pomanjkljivih določb. Ljubljana, 25. 11. 2009 Predstojnik Budistične kongregacije Dharmaling Lama Shenpen Rinpoče
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