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(skt.: madhyamika svatantrika; tib.: uma rang gyu pa) A system analysing emptiness founded by Bhavaviveka (500-578) which is considered as a lower part of Madhyamika. Madhyamika Svatantrika makes a distinction between the true existence of phenomena and the inherent existence of phenomena. They say that things do exist inherently, from their own side, but that they do not exist truly. Their explanation for this distinction is that things exist from their own side (inherently) as well as being posited by thought, concept.
According to them, a phenomenon exists in depedence of (both must be present):
1. existence from its own side and
2. of the mental thought imputed onto it.